• MMLA's April 26th program will focus on public construction. This is an annual event headed up by MMLA member Chris Petrini of Framingham.
Municipal Law News

1st Circuit Court of Appeals: HILL vs. EDWARD WALSH, et al. (City of Taunton)

The First Circuit Court of Appeals on February 27, 2018 issued its decision in Hill v Edward Walsh, et al. in which it adopted for the circuit the “emergency aid” exception to warrantless entry of property.  The police, who were seeking a person who had almost overdosed, thought he was in his parent’s home and in danger, entered the home without a warrant.  The Court clarified the standard to be followed by police in such matters, holding that it clarifies “our circuit’s emergency aid doctrine: officers seeking to justify their warrantless entry need only demonstrate “‘an objectively reasonable basis for believing’ that ‘a person within [the house] is in need of immediate aid.'” Michigan v. Fisher, 558 U.S. 45,47 (2009) (alteration in original) (internal quotations omitted).  They do not need to establish that their belief approximated probable cause that such an emergency existed. We thus modify our previous pronouncements in United States v. Martins, 413 F.3d 139 (1st Cir. 2005), and its progeny.”  The Court affirmed qualified immunity for the police officers.

Congrats to MMLA member and Taunton First Assistant City Solicitor Daniel de Abreau who represented the City of Taunton.  Click here for the full text of the case.

Appeals Court: CINDY KING vs JOSEPH Z. SHANK, et al.

KeywordsMunicipal Corporations, Removal of public officer, Selectmen. Elections, Recall. Practice, Civil, Preliminary injunction. Appeals Court, Appeal from order of single justice. Injunction.

The Appeals Court issued today its decision in King v Shank, and a companion case, which reviewed injunctions issued against the Town of Townsend restraining it from  holding a recall election against two selectmen.  The Appeals Court provided instructive guidance in interpreting recall laws and found that grounds did not exist to enjoin the recall.  Following preliminary injunctions enjoining a recall election in these two consolidated cases, the Appeals Court today reversed, dissolving the injunction orders of a single justice in one case and the Superior Court judge in the other case.  The complaints sought declaratory judgments that the recall petition was invalid.  The defendants, ten residents of the town of Townsend, had petitioned to remove Cindy King and Gordon Clark from their positions as members of the town board of selectmen by way of recall petitions.  The town board of registrars found the petitions to be in order, and the board scheduled a recall election. Click here for the full text of the Court’s decision.  Congrats to  MMLA member Ira Zaleznik who represented the Town in the case.


Keywords:   Massachusetts Tort Claims Act. Governmental Immunity. Municipal Corporations, Liability for tort, Governmental immunity. School and School Committee, Liability for tort. Negligence, Governmental immunity.

The SJC today issued its decision in Alyssa Cormier vs. City of Lynn in which it held “the issue that we must decide is not whether the school was negligent for failing to act reasonably to prevent the bullying that led to Matthew’s injuries; the complaint alleges that it was, and for purposes of this appeal, we accept that allegation as true.  Rather, the issue on appeal is whether, under the act, the public defendants may be held liable for that negligence.  We conclude that the act protects them from liability for such negligence.”  Click here for the full text of the Court’s decision.

Appeals Court: TOWN OF HULL vs. KANSKY

The Appeals Court on February 21, 2018 issued its Rule 1:28 decision in Town of Hull v Kansky in which it affirmed a ruling of a Housing Court Judge that the defendant, in a code enforcement matter, was not entitled to a trial by jury.  In this case, the Town of Hull sought and obtained a permanent injunction against the defendant from her excessive feeding of birds which had created a public nuisance and health hazard.  One of the issues during the proceedings before the Housing Court was whether the defendant was entitled to a jury trial.  The Town opposed that request on the basis that the relief sought was equitable, which in the absence of a specific statute did not permit a jury trial.  After the trial and the permanent injunction issuing, the defendant appealed to the Appeals Court.  The sole issue involved in the appeal was whether she was entitled to a jury trial.  The Appeals Court, in summarizing the law that there is no right to a jury trial in equitable matters, affirmed the action of the Housing Court in denying the jury claim.  The outcome might have been different had the Town also sought monetary damages, thus suggesting municipalities need to be careful as to the relief they seek.  Congrats to MMLA member and Hull Town Counsel James Lampke who represented the Town during the trial and appeal.  Click here for the the full text of the Court’s decision.


KeywordsMunicipal Corporations, Water commissioners, Water installation fee. Real Property, Water. Water. Jurisdiction, Water charge. Subdivision Control, Municipal services. Taxation, Real estate tax: assessment. Zoning. Administrative Law, Exhaustion of remedies. Practice, Civil, Review of administrative action, Case stated.

The Appeals Court today issued its decision in “NINETY SIX, LLC vs WAREHAM FIRE DISTRICT“, in which it upheld the method used by the District in calculating betterment assessments.  The case is available from the MMLA website.  Congrats to MMLA member David Gay, Esq. who successfully represented the Fire District. For the text of the decision, click on the following link:  Ninety Six, LLC vs. Wareham Fire District


KeywordsPublic Employee Retirement Administration Commission. Contributory Retirement Appeal Board. Retirement. Public Employment, Retirement, Sick leave benefits, Vacation pay, Worker’s compensation. Words, “Regular compensation.”

The SJC today issued its decision in PUBLIC EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT ADMINISTRATION COMMISSION vs. CONTRIBUTORY RETIREMENT APPEAL BOARD & others, in which, upholding a determination by CRAB, the SJC held that sick leave and vacation pay paid as a supplement to an employee on workers compensation is not regular compensation. Click on PERAC v. CRAB for the full text of the decision. 

Cannabis Control Commission – Public Hearings Scheduled on Proposed Regulations

The Cannabis Control Commission has scheduled a series of public hearings on its proposed regulations [935 CMR 500 et seq.]  MMLA plans to attend and participate to stay abreast of how these regulations affect our cities and towns.  Click on the following link to the Commission’s notice of public hearing.  The notice contains a link to the full text of the proposed regulations. Also see MMLA’s letter dated 2/5/18 to the Commission includes MMLA Comments and Recommended Revisions to the proposed regulations, together with an annotated version of the draft regulations showing MMLA comments and recommended revision. See link below.

Notice of Public Hearing

MMLA Letter to CCC with Comments & Recommended Revisions


KeywordsMassachusetts Wage Act. Massachusetts Port Authority. Public Employment, Sick leave benefits.

The Appeals Court today issued its decision in TZE-KIT MUI vs. MASSACHUSETTS PORT AUTHORITY in which it held that accrued sick leave are not wages under the MA Wage Act.  Justice Budd wrote: “Upon review, we discern no reason to conclude that the Legislature intended to include sick pay as ‘wages’ under the Wage Act. . . . Because accrued, unused sick time is not compensable under a ‘use it or lose it’ sick time policy, such time clearly is not a wage under the act.”  Click here for the full text of the case.